If this profound sharing were to take place between zaddik
, saint, and dervish, monk, murid, and hasid, we would have a model of what one of the highest forms of conversation could be.
According to the Dairies, Kafka and Brod accompanied Langer to visit the Wonder-Rabbi, a relative of the Zaddik
of Belz on 14 September 1915 (Diary 341) and on 6 October 1915 Kafka reflects on his familiarity with Langer's writings about Hassidim (Diaries 348; see also Mailloux 362-64).
3) Samuel Dresner, The Zaddik
(Abelard Schuman, 1960) 24.
She examines the years 5500 to 5541 (1740-81 AD) to reveal such issues as who the first Hasidic zaddik
was, when the first Hasidic court was established, who its members were, and what aspects of their beliefs and activities generated opposition forceful enough to crystallize their opponents as an enduring stream within Jewish society since the end of the 18th century.
One, for example, concludes that "'The righteous man shall live in his faith' (Habakkuk 2:4), can be interpreted, 'Through his faith in the zaddik
a man will live.
As an embodiment of Jewish tradition, the zaddik
(the righteous man) is heroic in his resistance to modernity; in the face of secularizing trends, he uses supernatural powers to preserve traditional communal life.
17) Hasidic Jews speak of a zaddik
, for example, as a righteous man who embodies the Torah but who also partially bears the sins of his generation.
In fact, Joan Hallisey labels Emerson a zaddik
, meaning "perfected one" in the Hasidic tradition (170), and Annie Dillard, the newest prominent writer in the American visionary tradition, chooses an Emersonian aphorism as the epigraph for The Writing Life: "No one suspects the days to be gods.
To be a zaddik
you do not need any more than a "morsel of bread with salt .
While all other Zaddikim, his contemporaries, might be pious masters, he was the Zaddik
of the Generation, the Zaddik
"in the aspect (or incarnation) of Moses.
Narrowing the scope, somewhat, is the second proposal I would like to offer, based upon the doctrine of the Zaddik
, as articulated in Hasidic literature.
In his honest and cogent analysis of this admittedly new concept called "Daas Torah," Kaplan writes: "The Zaddik
's word governs all the affairs of the community and all the personal affairs of the members of the community and belief in the Zaddik
is a religious value per se.