zamindar

(redirected from zemindars)

zam·in·dar

also zem·in·dar  (zăm′ən-där′, zĕm′-, zə-mēn-där′)
n.
1. An official in precolonial India assigned to collect the land taxes of his district.
2. A landholder in British colonial India responsible for collecting and paying to the government the taxes on the land under his jurisdiction.

[Hindi zamīndār, from Persian : zamīn, earth; see dhghem- in Indo-European roots + -dār, -holder; see dher- in Indo-European roots.]

zamindar

(zəmiːnˈdɑː) or

zemindar

n
(Agriculture) (in India) the owner of an agricultural estate
[via Hindi from Persian: landholder, from zamīn land + -dār holder]

za•min•dar

or ze•min•dar

(zə minˈdɑr)

n.
1. (in British India) a landlord required to pay a land tax to the government.
2. (in Mogul India) a collector of farm revenue, who paid a fixed sum on the district assigned to him.
[1675–85; < Hindi < Persian zamīndār landholder =zamīn earth, land + -dār holding, holder]
References in classic literature ?
Down south they sell them - to zemindars and such-all of Oudh.'
Aziz: "The British noticed this, as had the Mughals before them and the Afghans before the Mughals, and used the zemindars and the land-pir to keep the imperial harness in place".
The latter she regarded as having worsened for peasants under British rule as a result of changes introduced in the role and power of the zemindars (landholders) to facilitate production for export.
So that the zemindars were dispossessed, the country racked and ruined, for the benefit of an European, under the name of a farmer...." Id.
His doctrine is--'that the company, or the person delegated by it, holds an absolute authority over such zemindars;--that he owes an implicit and unreserved obedience to its authority, at the forfeiture even of his life and property, at the discretion of those who held or fully represented the sovereign authority;--and that these rights are fully delegated to him Mr.