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 (zĕmst′vō, zyĕm′stvə)
n. pl. zemst·vos
An elective council responsible for the local administration of a provincial district in czarist Russia.

[Russian, from Old Russian zemĭ, land; see dhghem- in Indo-European roots.]


(ˈzɛmstvəʊ; Russian ˈzjɛmstvə)
n, pl -stvos
(Historical Terms) (in tsarist Russia) an elective provincial or district council established in most provinces of Russia by Alexander II in 1864 as part of his reform policy
[C19: from Russian, from zemlya land; related to Latin humus earth, Greek khamai on the ground]


(ˈzɛmst voʊ)

n., pl. -stvos.
one of a system of elected local assemblies in Russia from 1864 to 1917.
[1860–65; < Russian zémstvo, derivative of zemlyá land, earth; see humus]
References in periodicals archive ?
22) In June 1900, he began a talk given to zemstvo (local government) statisticians in Poltava (modern-day Ukraine) as follows:
A brief mention is made of Prime Minister Pyotr Stolypin's 1911 zemstvo reform bill, which granted Russian subjects greater representation in nine western provinces' municipal governments, but formally excluded Jews from local politics.
Bogoslovsky dedicado a la historia de la autonomia del zemstvo (en este caso la autonomia de la administracion local y provincial) en las regiones nordicas y nororientales de la parte europea de Rusia (27).
Aleksandr's ukaz confirmed the existence of an autonomous Russian-styled zemstvo administration for the 1,400 inhabitants of Raivola village inside the Vyborg district.
Grigori Miasoyedov's The Zemstvo Dines (1872; Figs.
You emphasize, in a polemical way, matters pertaining to the Zemstvo, literature, the emancipation of women and so forth, but these problems are not only not interesting in the world of art; they aren't there at all.
A proper or fitting relation to the higher world, to other people, and to lower nature is organized collectively in the forms of church, state, and economic society, or zemstvo.
And while these moments suggest that voluntary associations played a major role in helping to develop a vibrant sense of political autonomy among certain groups of Russians, the reader learns relatively little about the broader context of civic culture in imperial Russia, a context that included the zemstvo movement, street life, leisure institutions, newspaper proliferation, business ventures, charitable societies, and much else.
The socialists are married and are criticizing the Zemstvo.
After viewing these selected materials, we were invited into the stacks in order to gain some comprehension of GASO's massive collections of materials on the Volga Germans, including administrative, village, and parish records for Saratov Province, from the Saratov Gubernia, the Zemstvo (provincial assembly), and the Duma.
Lenin, 'Persecutors of Zemstvo and Hannibals of liberalism' (1901), in Collected Works, vol 5, Moscow, 1961, pp68f.
Since the end of the last century one more form of it has done a considerable way: ZEMSTVO (rural and regional governance), unfortunately, only district and provincial, without a root of a regional zemstvo and without accomplishment of All-Russian ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 1990: 51).