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 (zĕmst′vō, zyĕm′stvə)
n. pl. zemst·vos
An elective council responsible for the local administration of a provincial district in czarist Russia.

[Russian, from Old Russian zemĭ, land; see dhghem- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈzɛmstvəʊ; Russian ˈzjɛmstvə)
n, pl -stvos
(Historical Terms) (in tsarist Russia) an elective provincial or district council established in most provinces of Russia by Alexander II in 1864 as part of his reform policy
[C19: from Russian, from zemlya land; related to Latin humus earth, Greek khamai on the ground]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈzɛmst voʊ)

n., pl. -stvos.
one of a system of elected local assemblies in Russia from 1864 to 1917.
[1860–65; < Russian zémstvo, derivative of zemlyá land, earth; see humus]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
We recorded in detail Charushin's work in Viatka as a zemstvo statistician, as well as a famine relief and fire insurance agent, his founding of a prominent provincial newspaper, engagement with local social networks, and role in the Peasant Union.
He wanted to get an academic position in the Faculty of Medicine, but he was not accepted as he did not have a PhD, Chekhov was convinced that his practical knowledge of diseases and patients (as well as his practice in hospitals of zemstvo) would be of a great help to students.
A brief mention is made of Prime Minister Pyotr Stolypin's 1911 zemstvo reform bill, which granted Russian subjects greater representation in nine western provinces' municipal governments, but formally excluded Jews from local politics.
Aleksandr's ukaz confirmed the existence of an autonomous Russian-styled zemstvo administration for the 1,400 inhabitants of Raivola village inside the Vyborg district.
Grigori Miasoyedov's The Zemstvo Dines (1872; Figs.
You emphasize, in a polemical way, matters pertaining to the Zemstvo, literature, the emancipation of women and so forth, but these problems are not only not interesting in the world of art; they aren't there at all.
A proper or fitting relation to the higher world, to other people, and to lower nature is organized collectively in the forms of church, state, and economic society, or zemstvo. (30)
And while these moments suggest that voluntary associations played a major role in helping to develop a vibrant sense of political autonomy among certain groups of Russians, the reader learns relatively little about the broader context of civic culture in imperial Russia, a context that included the zemstvo movement, street life, leisure institutions, newspaper proliferation, business ventures, charitable societies, and much else.
He has lived on his estate and served on the Zemstvo" (Chekhov, Letters 111).
After viewing these selected materials, we were invited into the stacks in order to gain some comprehension of GASO's massive collections of materials on the Volga Germans, including administrative, village, and parish records for Saratov Province, from the Saratov Gubernia, the Zemstvo (provincial assembly), and the Duma.