zenith


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ze·nith

 (zē′nĭth)
n.
1. The point on the celestial sphere that is directly above the observer.
2. The upper region of the sky.
3. The highest point above the observer's horizon attained by a celestial body.
4. The point of culmination; the peak: the zenith of her career. See Synonyms at summit.

[Middle English senith, from Old French cenith, from Medieval Latin, from Arabic samt (ar-ra's), path (over the head), from Latin sēmita, path; see mei- in Indo-European roots.]

zenith

(ˈzɛnɪθ; US ˈziːnɪθ)
n
1. (Astronomy) astronomy the point on the celestial sphere vertically above an observer
2. the highest point; peak; acme: the zenith of someone's achievements.
[C17: from French cenith, from Medieval Latin, from Old Spanish zenit, based on Arabic samt, as in samt arrās path over one's head, from samt way, path + al the + rās head]
ˈzenithal adj

ze•nith

(ˈzi nɪθ; esp. Brit. ˈzɛn ɪθ)

n.
1. the point on the celestial sphere vertically above a given position or observer. Compare nadir.
2. the highest point or state; culmination; peak.
[1350–1400; Middle English cenith < Medieval Latin < Old Spanish zenit, scribal error for zemt < Arabic samt road (compare Arabic samt ar-rās road above (over) one's head, the opposite of nadir)]

ze·nith

(zē′nĭth)
The point on the celestial sphere that is directly above the observer.

zenith

, nadir - Zenith derived from Arabic samt ar-ras, "the way or road above one's head"; zenith technically is the point directly above the observer and nadir is the point directly below.
See also related terms for observer.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.zenith - the point above the observer that is directly opposite the nadir on the imaginary sphere against which celestial bodies appear to be projected
celestial point - a point in the heavens (on the celestial sphere)
celestial sphere, empyrean, firmament, heavens, vault of heaven, welkin, sphere - the apparent surface of the imaginary sphere on which celestial bodies appear to be projected
nadir - the point below the observer that is directly opposite the zenith on the imaginary sphere against which celestial bodies appear to be projected

zenith

noun height, summit, peak, top, climax, crest, high point, pinnacle, meridian, apex, high noon, apogee, acme, vertex His career is now at its zenith.
base, bottom, nadir, lowest point, depths, rock bottom

zenith

noun
The highest point or state:
Informal: payoff.
Medicine: fastigium.
Translations
سَمْت، أوْج، أعْلى نُقْطَه
zenitnadhlavník
topzenit
lakipistezeniitti
zenit
hvirfilpunktur, hápunktur
天頂絶頂頂点
zenitas
zenīts
zenit
zenitzirve

zenith

[ˈzenɪθ] N
1. (Astron) → cenit m
2. (fig) → cenit m, apogeo m
to be at the zenith of one's powerestar en el apogeo de su poder

zenith

[ˈzɛnɪθ ˈziːnɪθ] n
(ASTRONOMY)zénith m
to reach its zenith [sun, planet] → atteindre son zénith
(fig)zénith m
to be at its zenith → être à son zénith
to reach its zenith → atteindre son zénith

zenith

n (Astron, fig) → Zenit m

zenith

[ˈzɛnɪθ] n (liter) (of civilization) → culmine m; (of career) → apice m (Astron) → zenit m inv

zenith

(ˈzeniθ) noun
the highest point. The sun reaches its zenith at midday.
References in classic literature ?
the moment when she will be crossing the zenith, which latter event will further diminish the entire distance by a length equal to the radius of the earth,
is not considered as having a zenith, though from this view of the
An unwearied pall of cloud muffled the whole expanse of sky from zenith to horizon.
A heavy report recalled Bert's eyes to the zenith, and behold, the great crescent had lost its dressing and burst into a disorderly long cloud of airships
He might well have added that the Roman power was at its zenith when every citizen acknowledged his liability to fight for the State, but that it began to decline as soon as this obligation was no longer recognized.
It was the time when the youthful Speranski was at the zenith of his fame and his reforms were being pushed forward with the greatest energy.
And at the zenith of his fame, how he would suddenly appear at the old village and stalk into church, brown and weather-beaten, in his black velvet doublet and trunks, his great jack-boots, his crimson sash, his belt bristling with horse-pistols, his crime-rusted cut- lass at his side, his slouch hat with waving plumes, his black flag unfurled, with the skull and crossbones on it, and hear with swelling ecstasy the whisperings, "It's Tom Sawyer the Pirate
Fogg still held Aouda's hand in his own; Passepartout understood, and his big, round face became as radiant as the tropical sun at its zenith.
It is there that I, intent on my own investigations, have passed and re-passed a hundred times the worn leonine face, white as the snow beneath him, furrowed with wrinkles like the seams and gashes upon the North Cape; the nervous hand, integrally a part of the mechanism of his flighter; and above all, the wonderful lambent eyes turned to the zenith.
He was fond of comparing himself to Mahomet's coffin, attracted in two different directions by two loadstones, and hesitating eternally between the heights and the depths, between the vault and the pavement, between fall and ascent, between zenith and nadir.
Such commendations had been bestowed upon his bravery, that he could not, for the life of him, help postponing the explanation for a few delicious minutes; during which he had flourished, in the very zenith of a brief reputation for undaunted courage.
For some little time the whole building was a blinding crimson mass, the towers continued to spout thick columns of rockets aloft, and overhead the sky was radiant with arrowy bolts which clove their way to the zenith, paused, curved gracefully downward, then burst into brilliant fountain-sprays of richly colored sparks.