zeugma


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zeug·ma

 (zo͞og′mə)
n.
1. Syllepsis.
2. A construction in which one word or phrase is understood to fill a parallel syntactic role in two or more clauses or phrases, as with the verb was in She was upstairs, and her husband downstairs.

[Latin, from Greek, a joining, bond; see yeug- in Indo-European roots.]

zeugma

(ˈzjuːɡmə)
n
(Literary & Literary Critical Terms) a figure of speech in which a word is used to modify or govern two or more words although appropriate to only one of them or making a different sense with each, as in the sentence Mr. Pickwick took his hat and his leave (Charles Dickens)
[C16: via Latin from Greek: a yoking, from zeugnunai to yoke]
zeugmatic adj
zeugˈmatically adv

zeug•ma

(ˈzug mə)

n.
the use of a word to modify or govern two or more words when it is appropriate to only one of them or is appropriate to each but in a different way, as in to wage war and peace or He caught a trout and a bad cold.
[1515–25; < Greek zeûgma=zeug(nýnai) to join, yoke + -ma n. suffix of result]
zeug•mat′ic (-ˈmæt ɪk) adj.

zeugma

the use of a word grammatically related to two adjacent words, but inappropriate for one of them, as in “he loved both his wife and his wallet.” — zeugmatic, adj.
See also: Rhetoric and Rhetorical Devices
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.zeugma - use of a word to govern two or more words though appropriate to only one; "`Mr. Pickwick took his hat and his leave' is an example of zeugma"
figure of speech, trope, image, figure - language used in a figurative or nonliteral sense
syllepsis - use of a word to govern two or more words though agreeing in number or case etc. with only one
Translations
zeugmazeugme
zeugma

zeugma

nZeugma nt
References in periodicals archive ?
"Apo koinou, Greek for 'in common,' is a figure of speech, a variety of zeugma, in which a single word or phrase is shared between two distinct, independent syntactic units." (37) Avi-ram remarks:
Episodes include: (1) "Mysterious Life of Caves" which investigates the role microbes play in the creation of some limestone caves; (2) "Lost Roman Treasure" which follows archaeologists working on artifacts in Turkey's ancient city of Zeugma; (3) "Galileo's Battle for the Heavens" which explores the story of Galileo Galilei; (4) "Volcano's Deadly Warning" which describes how volcanologists predict eruptions; and (5) "Sinking City of Venice" which examines the threat from floods Venice, Italy faces.
* The dammed waters from the Euphrates River in Southeast Turkey continue to rise, and a second part of the ancient Roman legionary city of Zeugma has been swallowed up.
AFTER APPEARING ON THE FRONT PAGE of the New York Times (`Dam in Turkey May Soon Flood A "2nd Pompeii"' on May 7th this year), as well as numerous other national newspapers, the Euphrates bridge-town of Zeugma, virtually unknown a few months ago, has witnessed a major rescue excavation on the lower terraces of the Graeco-Roman city as the waters from the $1.5 billion Biricek dam rose day-by-day.
A new dam threatens to plunge the ruins of Zeugma, a 2,000-year-old outpost of the Roman Empire, underwater.
THIS summer, Zeugma, a vast and magnificent ancient city, all but disappeared from the face of the Earth.
Jon Gorvett reports from Turkey on the last fleeting glimpse of parts of the ancient Roman city of Zeugma before it sank beneath the waters of the Birecik dam.
Douglass' antithetical comparison embodies the rhetorical strategy used throughout the Narrative, which depends upon ironic chiasmus--the mirror inversion of a clause within a sentence--and sardonic zeugma, or the yoking of dependent clauses and words to a single verb.
La mayor parte de estas enumeraciones son acumulativas sobre la base dispositiva del isocolon (congeries) aunque esta acumulacion de miembros sea aligerada, en ocasiones, por medio del zeugma como en el texto
Rolex Associate Laureate Catherine Abadie-Reynal is racing to map the ancient cities of Zeugma and Apameia before they sink beneath the waters of a reservoir
Curnow makes of Stevens's phrase a sardonic zeugma by using 'that'd be' twice, first with the simple predicate 'freedom' and second with the predicate 'day', forming the idiom 'that'd be the day', used in colloquial English to suggest the impossibility of a wished-for state.
The effect is based on a clever zeugma; both pewter and the soul can "glimmer," be "fogged up" or "glitter." So, the poet is not only celebrating his Irish ancestors through his meditation on pewter.