zeugma

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Related to zeugmas: syllepsis

zeug·ma

 (zo͞og′mə)
n.
1. Syllepsis.
2. A construction in which one word or phrase is understood to fill a parallel syntactic role in two or more clauses or phrases, as with the verb was in She was upstairs, and her husband downstairs.

[Latin, from Greek, a joining, bond; see yeug- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

zeugma

(ˈzjuːɡmə)
n
(Literary & Literary Critical Terms) a figure of speech in which a word is used to modify or govern two or more words although appropriate to only one of them or making a different sense with each, as in the sentence Mr. Pickwick took his hat and his leave (Charles Dickens)
[C16: via Latin from Greek: a yoking, from zeugnunai to yoke]
zeugmatic adj
zeugˈmatically adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

zeug•ma

(ˈzug mə)

n.
the use of a word to modify or govern two or more words when it is appropriate to only one of them or is appropriate to each but in a different way, as in to wage war and peace or He caught a trout and a bad cold.
[1515–25; < Greek zeûgma=zeug(nýnai) to join, yoke + -ma n. suffix of result]
zeug•mat′ic (-ˈmæt ɪk) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

zeugma

the use of a word grammatically related to two adjacent words, but inappropriate for one of them, as in “he loved both his wife and his wallet.” — zeugmatic, adj.
See also: Rhetoric and Rhetorical Devices
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.zeugma - use of a word to govern two or more words though appropriate to only one; "`Mr. Pickwick took his hat and his leave' is an example of zeugma"
figure of speech, trope, image, figure - language used in a figurative or nonliteral sense
syllepsis - use of a word to govern two or more words though agreeing in number or case etc. with only one
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
zeugmazeugme
zeugma

zeugma

nZeugma nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
References in periodicals archive ?
Lespada persigue la logica de lo paradojal (que lo que no se sabe se sepa; que lo que no se ve, que se vea; que lo que no se tiene, que aparezca) en muchos planos y el modo de abordar los trastrocamientos lo hace a partir de todas las operaciones de la lengua que el radar de la retorica parece detectar en una serie de figuras y de tropos (metonimia, prosopopeya, catacresis, zeugmas) desde las regiones mas microscopicas de la frase.
Hellweg's "Zesty Zeugmas" in Word Ways 26:1 [1993], pp.
trimeters and features twelve instances of zeugma (see Paul
Integration of Cognition and Affect: Cognitive-Affective Subsystems and Zeugmas
Zeugmas can be used in HST not only on the basis of their cognitive components but also on the basis of their affective components and their relations, and thus a change in one of the components may change any of the others.
Considering the existence of such borderline phenomena as puns, oxymorons, zeugmas, spoonerisms, malapropisms, irony, allegory, etc., as well as observations made by Giora and others, it is perhaps reasonable to think that the lines separating humour and figurative speech in general are not distinctly clear and discrete, but multivalently continuous and gradual.
When not intoned with irony - as any such grandiloquent phrase often should be - the phrase "the life of the mind" conveys a commitment to intellectual inquiry as a difficult, important, and rewarding human activity; the objects of the inquiry can range from aardvarks to atoms, narrative to natural gas, zeugmas to ZZ Top.
The feminist school is fond of parentheses and shilling strokes ("slashes" has too macho a ring for this context) in its titles to emphasize their double entendres and zeugmas. See Kolodny, "Dancing through the Minefield." (56) One of the more useful recent shifts of connotation is that of the word gender.