El sitio con mayor numero de plaguicidas fue Los Pozos donde se encontraron DDT y congeneres, aldrin, dieldrin, ditiocarbamatos (maneb, mancozeb, metiram, propineb, thiram y ziram
) y clorotalonilo.
Increased frequencies of sister chromatid exchanges and micronuclei in 'in vitro' lymphocyte cultures treated with the fungicides thiram and ziram
High-purity analytical standards of boscalid, captan, chlorpyrifos (99.2%), thiacloprid, thiophanate, and ziram
were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich.
Klintenberg et al., "Ziram
causes dopaminergic cell damage by inhibiting e1 ligase of the proteasome," Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.
Tanamoto, "Zinc- and oxidative property-dependent degradation of pro-caspase-1 and NLRP3 by ziram
in mouse macrophages," Toxicology Letters, vol.
Consequently, some metal- based dithiocarboxylates like ziram
(zinc- dimethyldithiocarboxylate) and zineb (zinc ethylene- 1,2-bis-dithiocarboxylate) are marketed as fungicides .
In a follow up study, the researchers at the UCLA School of Public Health found that the combined exposure to pesticides ziram
, maneb and paraquat near any workplace increased the risk of Parkinson's disease (PD) threefold, while combined exposure to ziram
and paraquat alone was associated with an 80 percent increase in risk
Efeitos inibitorios intermediarios foram observados com aplicacoes dos fungicidas Ziram
, Cyprodinil, Maneb, Thiophanato-metilico, Iprodione e Myclobutanil (Weiguang et al., 2003).
Included in this slice is industrial hazardous waste, a witches' brew of toxic ingredients found in paints, pesticides, printing ink, and chemicals used in manufacturing processes--hundreds of such substances, from acetonitrile to ziram
Phomopsis--Captan (a three-day re-entry interval is easier to deal with early in the season, when Phomopsis control is critical), ziram
. Strobies applied from immediate pre-bloom onward for control of other diseases should be adequate for this tail-end period of Phomopsis activity.
Powdery mildews can be controlled with triadimefon, sulfur, or benomyl, and rusts with sulfur or ziram
. Bacterial spots are controlled with basic copper sulfate plus maneb, or mancozeb.