Additionally, if a zoophilic
dermatophyte is suspected, pets also should be appropriately examined and treated.
Fungi growing on humans are called anthropophilic and those that infect animals are named as zoophilic
.1 Human infection occurs through different ways such as contacting with contaminated soil, hair, or animal scales, and infected individuals.2 After adhering to keratinized tissues, dermatophytes release enzymes e.g.
There is no documented evidence of zoophilic
species involvement in human infections, but 3 other CANV species have been recovered from human samples (Table).
Depending on its origin it is divided into geophilic, zoophilic
and anthropophilic species.
Furthermore, 95.3% of the dermatophytes in our study were anthropophilic in contrast to developed countries where the major dermatophytes are zoophilic
They affect the keratinized tissues and are spread by direct contact with infected humans (anthropophilic organisms), animals (zoophilic
organisms), and soil (geophilic organisms), and they may indirectly also spread through fomites [5-7].
Lynch et al., "Increasing the potential for malaria elimination by targeting zoophilic
vectors," Scientific Reports, vol.
Similarly, those who patronize El Brincadero look to satisfy their zoophilic
needs and, subsequently, either show little concern for the destiny of their animals or torture them and kill them outright in the process of seeking sexual gratification.
They are classified by where they are found--anthropophilic (humans), geophilic (soil), or zoophilic
darlingi populations can modify their endophilic behavior for exophilic and anthropophilic (85,86) to zoophilic
, possibly caused by excito-repellency of these insecticides used in household spraying (87).
(2) The epidemiology of the disease varies widely ranging from antropophillic, zoophilic
, and geophillic dermatophytes; the "leader" in Europe still remains Microsporum canis.
Animals serve as reservoirs of zoophilic