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A situation in a chess game in which a player is forced to make an undesirable or disadvantageous move.
[German Zugzwang : Zug, pull, move (from Middle High German zuc, pull, from Old High German, from ziohan, to pull; see deuk- in Indo-European roots) + Zwang, compulsion (from Middle High German twanc, from Old High German).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
zugzwang(German ˈtsuːktsvaŋ) chess
(Chess & Draughts) a position in which one player can move only with loss or severe disadvantage
(Chess & Draughts) (tr) to manoeuvre (one's opponent) into a zugzwang
[from German, from Zug a pull, tug + Zwang force, compulsion]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
Past participle: zugzwanged
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011