[1,2,3] In our study we attempt to see whether a line marked on the surface of the skull connecting the inion and root of zygoma
(I-Z line) can be reliably used as a surface land mark for the transverse sinus.
Chvostek's sign is prompted by tapping the facial nerve below the zygoma
(about 1-2 inches anterior to the ear).
To overcome these problems, different solutions were proposed over the years, such as use of short implants, tilted implants placed in the anterior maxilla, zygoma
implants, and maxillary sinus floor elevation and grafting procedures with autogenous bone or allografts, xenografts, and alloplastic materials.
Craniofacial fibrous dysplasia is a form of fibrous dysplasia affecting the cranial base, involves two or more bones of the maxillofacial region and often includes the maxilla, zygoma
, sphenoid, temporal bone, fronto-nasal bones and base of the skull (8,9).
Aurikulotemporal ve supraorbital sinir ortasinda zygoma
uzerine ciktiginda temporalis fasiasim deler.
Prior to injecting the tail of brow or temple, push at the zygoma
and mark any vessels that surface.
The epiphallic membrane runs backwards from the epiphallus to anchor on the zygoma
and the edges of the ectophallic rami; there are no postepiphallic sclerites, but in some individuals there is a weak oblong thickening of the membrane ventrolaterally, anterior to the the cingular rami.
The lesion involved the orbital apex and extended into the pterygopalatine fossa and then through the pterygomaxillary fissure into the infra-temporal space where it was noted subdermally at the level of the zygoma
The mean extracranial zygoma
thickness was the same for those with and without OSA (4.92 versus 4.84 mm; difference, −0.07 mm; 95 percent confidence interval, −0.39 to 0.24).
It lies in the maxilla, largest of all sinuses, pyramidal in shape with its base towards the lateral wall of the nose and apex in the zygoma
. The lining mucosa is ciliated columnar epithelium with goblet cells which secrete mucous and the cilia push the mucous into the nasal cavity through the ostium of the sinus3.
D--Superior masseter--cheek below zygoma
(1 cm in front of the temporomandibular joint and immediately below the zygomatic arch).
Accordingly, mandibular fractures (dentoalveolar, symphysis-parasymphysis, corpus, angulus-ramus, coronoid, and condylar processes); maxillar fractures (alveolar, Le Fort Types I, II, III); nasal fractures, nasoorbitoethmoid fractures, orbital fractures (floor, medial, roof, and lateral walls); zygoma
fractures (zygomatic complex and arch); and frontal sinus fractures were reviewed.